Going anywhere you’ll always find refreshing beverages, and one of the most popular is wine. Wine, by definition, is an alcoholic fermented juice from grapes and other plants. Over the decades, it became more branded and is always part of many occasions. But the question is, where does it come from?
The history of wine traverse thousands of years and is closely entwined with the history of cuisine, agriculture, civilization and humanity itself. The earliest wine production, according to Archaeological shreds of evidence, came from sites of Georgia, Iran and Armenia, dating from 8000-5000BC.
Additionally, pieces of evidence for the European wine making are disclosed at archaeological places in Macedonia, recorded 6,500 years ago. The similarly places also carry deposit of the world’s pioneer proof of pressed grapes. In Egypt, wine matched a fragment of history, playing an essential role in ancient ceremonial rites. When Pharaoh rose to power, they began producing wine from red grapes. During this time, Egypt has its connection with the Phoenicians who would cultivate the wine and help to escalate around the world.
In 1200 BC – 539 BC, The Phoenicians began to commerce across the Mediterranean, including the Middle East (currently Israel), extending to North Africa to Greece and Italy. During their trading, they discovered and brought with them wine in ceramic jugs, as well as grapevines. The Phoenicians met Jews while trading and gave way for them to know about wine.
The Christian churches in medieval Europe also became a constant supporter of wine necessary for the celebration of the Catholic mass. Wine production moderately increased and its consumption grew popularized from the 15th century onwards. Going forward, in 146 BC, the Romans took wine as their own and made it as a central part of their culture. Then in 1492- 1600, wine traveled to the new world, and it was brought to Brazil and Mexico.
Americans hunting and wanting to have prospects travel west, desiring riches and a taste for wine, went from afar to bring with them grapes and vines in 1848- 1855. Moving forward, when China opened its economy to the world in 1980, they became one of the world’s largest consumers and producer of wine.
Improved production methodology in the 17th and 18th centuries, resulted in the unfolding of more excellent and better qualities of wine, glasses and bottles with corks, at the same time the production of the corkscrew was invented. While the 19th century is considered as the golden age of the wine, it doesn’t mean it’s flawless and without tragedy.
Over the past 150 years, the making of wine has been thoroughly revolutionized as an art and science. With modern times and with the access to refrigeration, it has become convenient to wineries to control the temperature of the process of fermentation and produce high-quality wines even in hot seasons. At the same time, the introduction of harvesting machines has permitted the winemakers to increase the size of their vineyards and make them more efficient. And now, although the wine industry veneers challenges of meeting the demands of a broader market, still, technology helps to make particular a consistent supply of quality wines.